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Re: Moving Beyond the Automobile: Transit Oriented Development
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America's Smartest Cities for Transportation Still Aren't Very Smart
BY Ariel SchwartzWed Feb 23, 2011
Fast Company

Ambitious high-speed rail plans aside, most of the U.S. is lacking in the public transportation arena. That's why the NRDC has chosen to highlight fifteen small, medium and large regions that are supposedly getting transportation right: Boston; Chicago; Philadelphia; Portland, Oregon; New York; San Francisco; Washington D.C; Boulder-Longmont, Colorado; Honolulu, Hawaii; Jersey City, New Jersey; New Haven, Connecticut; Champaign-Urbana, Illinois; Bremerton, Washington; Lincoln, Nebraska; and Yolo, California. That some of these cities lack anything more exciting than city bus routes begs the question: Is this really the best we can do?

The Natural Resources Defense Council, which wrote the study in collaboration with the Center for Neighborhood Technology (CNT), compared U.S. regions based on public transit availability, use, cost, household automobile ownership and use, and sustainable transportation programs.

?By and large, 'location efficient' places--with essential services that are nearby or accessible by many transportation modes--lower transportation costs for residents," said Scott Bernstein, president of CNT, in a statement. "Cities and regions that foster compact, walkable, transit-rich communities can reduce reliance on automobiles and help lower at least one expense for households struggling to get by in the current economy."

Some of the cities on the NRDC's list aren't surprising. New York is well-recognized for efficient public transportation (unless you're waiting for the much-loathed G train), and Portland, Oregon is known for its bike-friendly streets. Other choices, however, look better on paper than in real life.

The NRDC lists San Francisco as a smart transportation region, at least in part because the city ranks highest in transit access of any metro region in the U.S., and half of the city and county population commute by public or alternative transportation. But that doesn't tell the whole story.

Having squandered countless hours waiting for late buses (a 45-minute wait for the bus isn't uncommon) that move slower than many people walk, it's hard for me to consider San Francisco's transportation innovative. The city is more bike-friendly than most, to be sure, but anyone taking trolley buses, streetcars, or light-rail trains had better be willing to dedicate time to sitting around.

And while the NRDC touts Lincoln, Nebraska's policy of charging only $7.50 per month to low-income residents for a monthly unlimited bus pass, that doesn't take into account the fact that buses sometimes come only once an hour, or don't run at night. It's enough to make the heartiest of Cornhuskers lose hope of ever getting where they're going.

Should progressive transportation policies be celebrated? Of course. But the NRDC's list reveals more about the generally dismal state of transportation in the U.S. than anything else.

Posted on: 2011/2/24 17:10
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Moving Beyond the Automobile: Transit Oriented Development
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Moving Beyond the Automobile: Transit Oriented Development by Damien Newton and Clarence Eckerson Jr. on February 15, 2011 LA.StreetsBlog.org http://la.streetsblog.org/2011/02/15/ ... sit-oriented-development/ This Streetfilm, by Clarence Eckerson Jr., is an important one for Los Angeles as we consider how our city and county are going to grow as a result of the expected transit boom in the coming decade(s). This film focuses on Transit Oriented Development, with a focus on how a light rail line transformed Jersey City with dense, mixed use, transit oriented development. Here are some of the lessons we should learn from Jersey City: 1) Transit Oriented Development should take advantage of many modes of transportation. In Jersey City, the developments take advantage of not only the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail and the bus system, but also a ferry system to move people across the water in to New York City. In Los Angeles, we don?t have ferries, but we do have a bus system that is constantly under attack because of operating shortfalls and of course we?re also working on creating a bicycle network. 2) Transit Oriented Developments should not have parking minimums. As a matter of fact, there is no minimum parking requirement in Jersey City, but a maximum one. It?s no wonder that car ownership around Jersey City?s T.O.D.?s hovers between 40% and 45%. 3) Zoning should support mixed use development. The Tri-State Transportation Campaign?s Kate Slevin explains that real mixed use zoning isn?t just for the gigantic new developments, but also would allow apartments and offices to be placed on top of first floor retail buildings along commercial corridors. If you want to comment on anything I?ve written, just hit the comment button. If you want to comment on the film, please visit the Streetfilms website. (Full disclosure: Slevin was my boss when I worked at TSTC)

Posted on: 2011/2/16 20:38
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